Hyperthyroidism is a disease that affects the metabolic system and is characterized by the abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Because of this pathology, a series of consequences occur in the body that can reach a certain severity depending on the alteration of the endocrine gland.
Hyperthyroidism is becoming more common among women because they are exposed to more hormonal variations throughout their lives. It is a disorder that requires treatment and special care in eating. Therefore, in the following article, we will talk about the best diet for women suffering from hyperthyroidism. Very attentive.
Hyperthyroidism: what is it?
Hyperthyroidism is a disease caused by a disorder in the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck, just below Adam’s apple. The function of this gland, in addition to controlling the gastrointestinal, neurological, muscular, psychological and cardiovascular systems, is to secrete hormones (specifically, it is responsible for producing the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine) that control metabolism, that is, how they Different cells in the body use energy. For this reason, when the thyroid gland becomes destabilized, two types of disorder can be caused:
- Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid: it is the increase of activity above the normal of the thyroid gland. It causes weight loss.
- Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid: it is just the opposite of hyperthyroidism, that is, the decrease in the activity below the average of the thyroid gland. It causes weight gain.
The causes of hyperthyroidism are varied, but in recent years it has come a long way due to stress, as several specialists point out.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Thyroid hormones are linked to a large number of areas of our body. For this reason, hyperthyroidism symptoms can become very varied and manifest in very different places, depending on the organs that affect their functional activity.
The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows:
- Weight loss.
Besides, young people often show other added symptoms, such as:
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure.
- Irregular heart rate.
- Extreme sweating
- Great sensitivity to heat.
- Fine and very brittle hair.
- Muscular weakness.
- Vision problems.
- Menstrual disturbance.
- Continual urge to urinate.
- Increased appetite
Older people, meanwhile, also experience the following symptoms:
If you have any of the above symptoms, you should go to your doctor who, after the respective analyzes, will diagnose whether you have hyperthyroidism or not and will prescribe the appropriate treatment for your specific case.
The most common test is a simple blood sample to analyze the hormone stimulating the thyroid. This analysis will reveal whether you are in an early or advanced stage of the disease.
The treatment is usually based on medications, although there is also the possibility of surgical intervention to solve the thyroid gland’s problem.
In addition to the pharmacological treatment prescribed by the endocrine, diet also plays a fundamental role in dealing with this disease. Next, we give you a series of nutritional tips, and we tell you which foods you can eat and which ones you cannot eat if you suffer from it. Take note.
Foods suitable for hyperthyroidism
There are several foods and products highly recommended for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Below you will find the most beneficial:
Vegetables of the cruciferous family
These foods have a high content of chromogenic and coffee acids, which stand out for their ability to inhibit the absorption of iodine (a factor that triggers hyperthyroidism). What foods are part of the cruciferous family? Cabbage, radish, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and broccoli.
Nutritionists recommend the consumption of the following legumes (also very rich in chromogenic and coffee acids) for the treatment of hyperthyroidism: chickpeas, soybeans and beans (beans).
Seeds and nuts
It is essential that you introduce nuts and seeds such as chestnuts, millet, flax seeds and pine nuts into your daily diet because they inhibit the production of thyroxine.
There are plenty of highly recommended fruits to keep the thyroid gland at bay:
- Oranges, lemons and figs: rich in caffeic acid.
- Avocados, plums and peaches: rich in chlorogenic acid.
- Pomegranate and grapes: fleshy fruits with a high content of ellagic acid, which regulate the production of thyroid hormones, specifically decrease them.
- Melon: rich in lithium.
Vegetables and raw food
Traditional Chinese medicine claims that raw foods are more refreshing to have many more nutrients and calm our thyroids. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you introduce fresh vegetables and greens into your salads, such as:
- Celery, squash and lettuce: rich in caffeic acid.
- Peppers, cucumbers, carrots, aubergines: rich in chlorogenic acid.
- Onions, asparagus, endives, parsley, and potatoes: rich in lithium.
Recommended plants for hyperthyroidism
- Wolf Mint ( Lycopus europaeus ): ideal for inhibiting the action of iodine on the thyroid. You can consume it through an infusion such as a tea, although they are also sold in herbalists in liquid form. If you opt for this second option, you should take approximately 30 drops daily.
- Melissa: if you combine it with mint, it will be even more useful. You can consume an average of three cups a day.
Foods to avoid if you have hyperthyroidism
The ones that we are going to mention below are foods that hyperthyroidism patients should avoid since they stimulate the production of hormones in the thyroid (also known as hyperthyroid foods). In general, we will see that these are foods with a high content of iodine.
- Different foods with iodine to avoid: Garlic, oats, coconut, hazelnut, strawberries, soy, sunflower, tomatoes, apples, lentils, mangoes, dates, pistachios, cashews, Brazil nuts, pineapples, pears, almonds, apricots, spinach, beans and corn.
- Herbs or species to avoid: Fennel, hyssop, ground ivy, ginseng, and cinnamon.
- In general, seaweeds contain a lot of iodine, especially the Fucus vesiculosus species.
- The seafood, as is a food of animal origin most abundant in iodine.
Other nutrition tips for people with hyperthyroidism
Make five meals a day (three primary and two snacks) with a fixed schedule for each of them.
- In each of the meals, there must be the presence of protein, fat and carbohydrates.
- Do was not let more than an hour pass since you wake up without having breakfast or make more than four or five hours pass between meals.
- Prepare a glass of warm water with two or three drops of lemon and drink it before breakfast.
- Do not mix starches in the same food: bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, banana, corn, beets, and pumpkin.
- Decrease the consumption of red meat, sausages, fatty cheeses, egg yolks, processed or refined foods and exciting products (coffee, tea, chocolate)
- Drink between 1.5 and 2 liters of water a day.
- Grilled, cooked, steamed, or baked foods. Always avoid fried or breaded ones that incorporate a lot of fat and moderate the amount of salt that you add to your dishes.
- Practice moderate physical exercise for at least 40 minutes a day.
- Try to reduce your stress level. To do this, you can practice different relaxation techniques or perform yoga.